Delta is a state in Nigeria, with administrative capital in the city of Asaba. Delta State falls within the south-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria alongside Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Edo and Rivers States. Delta State is also part of the Niger Delta region, an agglomeration of mostly crude oil-producing southern Nigerian states that also include Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers States.
Delta State is located some 588.5 km south of Nigeria’s capital city of Abuja. The state is bounded to the north by Edo State, to the east by the River Niger, to the south by Bayelsa State and the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Ondo State and the Atlantic Ocean.
Delta State has an area of 17,698 km². Delta State has 25 out of the 774 local government areas that alongside the 36 states form the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Ethnic groups that are indigenous to Delta State, and that still form a significant percentage of its total population include the Urhobo, the Igbo, the Isoko, the Ijaw, and the Itshekiri.
The History Of Delta State
Delta State was created on 27th August 1991 by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. The State was formed from the split of defunct Bendel State.
At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, the area now known as Delta State was part of the Western Region, which existed as one of the three regions that constituted the Federal Republic of Nigeria until 1963.
In August 1963, the Mid-Western Region was carved out of the Western Region to form an autonomous region. The area now known as Delta State was in the Mid-Western Region which existed as one of the four regions that constituted the Federal Republic of Nigeria from its creation in 1963 to 1966.
The regime of Major General JTU Aguiyi Ironsi which came to power via coup in 1966 dissolved the regional system and replaced it with a unitary, provincial system. The four regions became four provinces. The area now known as Delta State was in the Mid-Western Province
A counter coup brought to power the regime of General Yakubu Gowon in 1967. The new regime quickly dissolved the provincial system and replaced it with a twelve state federating structure. The area now known as Delta State was in Bendel State which was one of the twelve states created by the new regime.
Bendel State, which the area now known as Delta State was part of survived successive state creation exercises embarked upon by successive military regimes in in 1976 and 1987.
However, in 1991 the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida embarked on another state creation exercise. This time, Bendel State was split into two states. A new Delta State, with capital in Asaba was formed.
The area now known as Delta State comprised of twelve Local Government Areas before its creation. At its creation, the number of local government areas was increased to 19.
The regime of General Sani Abacha would later in 1997 increase the number of local government areas in Delta State to its current 25.
Luke Chijiuba Uchulor is the first military governor of Delta State, and Felix Ibru is the first civilian governor.
The Government Of Delta State
The Delta State Government, like every other state government in Nigeria is made up of three arms: the executive arm, the legislative arm and the judicial arm. The executive arm of the Delta State government is headed by an elected governor assisted by commissioners who the governor appoints to head the various ministries of the state government. The current executive governor of Delta State is Ifeanyi Okowa.
The legislative arm of the Delta State Government which convenes at the Delta State House of Assembly in Asaba is made up of 29 members elected by the people of the 29 state constituencies of Delta State. The Delta State House of Assembly is headed by a speaker who is the legislative head of the state government. The current speaker of the Delta State House of Assembly is Sheriff Oborevwori.
The judicial arm of the Delta State Government is headed by the Delta State Chief Judge. The current Chief Judge of Delta State is Justice Marshal Umukoro.
Zones In Delta State
Delta state has a total of 25 local government areas grouped into 3 zones that are otherwise known as senatorial districts. The 3 senatorial districts of Delta state are:
- Delta Central
- Delta North
- Delta South
Delta Central senatorial district has 8 local government areas. The 8 local government areas of Delta Central senatorial district are:
Delta North senatorial district has 9 local government areas. The 9 local government areas of Delta North senatorial district are:
- Aniocha North
- Aniocha South
- Ika North-East
- Ika South
- Ndokwa East
- Ndokwa West
- Oshimili North
- Oshimili South
Delta South senatorial district has 8 local government areas. The 8 local government areas of Delta South senatorial district are:
The Population Of Delta State
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population census put the population of Delta State at 4,112,445, with 2,069,309 males and 2,043,136 females.