Enugu State lies some 472 kilometers south of Nigeria‘s capital city of Abuja, and is bounded in the north by Kogi State, in the north-east by Benue State, in the south-east by Ebonyi State, in the south by Abia and Imo States, and in the west by Anambra State.
Enugu State sits on an area of 7,161 km2 , making it the largest state by area in the south-east geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The state also has 17 local government areas out of the 774 local government areas that, alongside the 36 states, constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Enugu State is famous for its beautiful landscape that is dotted by undulating hills and evergreen vegetation. It is home to several sub-groups of the Igbo ethnic group such as the Nike, the Igbo Eze, and the Nsukka.
Enugu State also has a sprinkling of Idomas and Igalas in its western and northern borders.
The History Of Enugu State
Enugu State was created on 27th August 1991 by the regime of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida. Enugu State was formed following the split of old Anambra State into two states, viz a new Anambra State, with capital in Awka, and Enugu State, which retained the capital of the old Anambra State in the city of Enugu.
At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, Enugu State was part of the Eastern Region, which existed as one of the three regions of Nigeria till 1963, and as one of the four regions of Nigeria till 1966.
The regime of Major General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi Ironsi which was enthroned in 1966 dissolved the regional system and replaced it with a provincial system. The four regions became four provinces. Enugu State was part of the Eastern Province.
In 1967, a counter coup led to the enthronement of the regime of General Yakubu Gowon. The regime quickly dissolved the provincial system and replaced it with a twelve state structure. Enugu State was part of the East-Central State which was one of the three states created out of the former Eastern Province.
This new system was however quickly challenged as Nigeria slided into a civil war, and what is now Enugu State became part of a breakaway Republic of Biafra.
The civil war ended in 1970, with the defeat of Biafran forces and the restoration of Nigerian government’s authority over areas within the breakaway republic. Enugu State thus remained part of the East-Central State of Nigeria till 1976.
Enugu State remained part of the Anambra State that was created in 1976 until 1991, when the old Anambra State was split into two states. Enugu State is one of the states formed from this split.
The boundary of the state has however not remained the same since then. It was readjusted in 1996 when the former Abakaliki region of the state was excised to form Ebonyi State.
The Government Of Enugu State
The Enugu State Government, like every other state government in Nigeria is made up of three arms: the executive arm, the legislative arm and the judicial arm. The executive arm of the Enugu State government is headed by an elected governor who can appoint commissioners as heads of the various ministries of the state government. The current governor of Enugu State is Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi.
The legislative arm of the Enugu State Government which sits at the Enugu State House of Assembly is made up of 25 members elected by the people of the 25 state constituencies of Enugu State. The Enugu State House of Assembly is headed by a speaker who is thus the legislative head of the Enugu State Government. The current speaker of the Enugu State House of Assembly is Edward Ubosi.
The judicial arm of the Enugu State Government is headed by the Enugu State’s chief judge. The current chief judge of Enugu State is Justice Ngozi Emehelu.
Zones In Enugu State
Enugu state has a total of 17 local government areas grouped into 3 zones that are otherwise known as senatorial districts or zones The 3 senatorial zones of Enugu state are:
- Enugu East
- Enugu North
- Enugu West
Enugu East senatorial zone of Enugu state has 6 local government areas. The 6 local government areas of Enugu East senatorial district are:
Enugu North senatorial zone of Enugu state has 6 local government areas. The 6 local government areas of Enugu North senatorial zone are:
Enugu West senatorial district has 5 local government areas. The 5 local government areas of Enugu West senatorial district are:
The Population Of Enugu State
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population census put the population of Enugu State at 3,267,837, with 1,596,042 males and 1,671,795 females.