Ogun is a state in Nigeria, with administrative capital in the city of Abeokuta. Ogun State falls within the south-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria alongside Ekiti, Lagos, Ondo, Osun and Oyo States.
Ogun State is located some 707.2 km south-west of Nigeria’s capital city of Abuja, and is bounded to the north by Oyo and Osun States, to the east by Ondo State, to the south by Lagos State and Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by the Republic of Benin.
Ogun State covers an area of 16,762 km². Ogun State has 20 out of the 774 local government areas that alongside the 36 States constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Ogun State is predominantly inhabited by Yoruba tribes such as the Egbas, the Ijebus, and the Ilajes.
The History Of Ogun State
Ogun State was created on 3rd February 1976 by the regime of General Murtala Ramat Mohammed. The state was created following the split of the defunct Western State.
At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, the area now known as Ogun State was part of the Western Region, which existed as one of the three regions of Nigeria till 1963.
In 1963, a region which became known as the Mid-Western Region was carved out of the Western Region which the area now known as Ogun State was part of. The development brought to four the number of regions that constituted the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The area now known as Ogun State however remained part of what remained of the Western Region.
The regime of Major General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi Ironsi, which was enthroned in 1966 by a coup dissolved the regional system and replaced it with a provincial system. The four regions became four provinces. The area now known as Ogun State was in the Western Province.
In 1967, a counter coup led to the enthronement of the regime of General Yakubu Gowon. The new regime quickly dissolved the provincial system instituted by the previous regime and replaced it with a twelve state structure. The area now known as Ogun State was in the Western State, which was one of the twelve states created by General Gowon’s regime.
In 1976, the regime of General Murtala Ramat Mohammed embarked on another state creation exercise. This time, the Western State which the area now known as Ogun State was part of was split into three states, viz: Oyo State, with capital in Ibadan, Ondo State, with capital in Akure, and Ogun State, with capital in Abeokuta.
The constituent communities of Ogun State have remained the same since then, as it was not touched during successive state creation exercises embarked upon by successive military regimes in 1987, 1991 and 1996.
Saidu Ayodele Balogun is the first military governor of Ogun State, while Olabisi Onabanjo is the first civilian governor.
The Government Of Ogun State
The Ogun State Government, like every other state government in Nigeria is made up of three arms: the executive arm, the legislative arm and the judicial arm. The executive arm of the Ogun State government is headed by an executive governor elected by a majority of the state’s electorates. The governor is assisted by commissioners who he or she appoints to head the various ministries of the state government. The current governor of Ogun State is Ibikunle Amosun.
The legislative arm of the Ogun State Government which convenes at the Ogun State House of Assembly in Abeokuta is made up of 26 members with each of them elected by the electorates of each of the 26 state constituencies of Ogun State. The Ogun State House of Assembly is headed by a speaker who is the legislative head of the state government. The current speaker of the Ogun State House of Assembly is Suraj Ishola Adekunbi.
The judicial arm of the Ogun State Government is headed by the Ogun State Chief Judge. The current Chief Judge of Ogun State is Justice Olatokunbo Olopade.
Zones In Ogun State
Ogun state has a total of 20 local government areas grouped into 3 units that are otherwise known as senatorial zones or districts. The 3 senatorial districts of Ogun state are:
- Ogun Central
- Ogun East
- Ogun West
Ogun Central senatorial district has 6 local government areas. The 6 local government areas of Ogun Central senatorial district are:
- Abeokuta North
- Abeokuta South
Ogun East senatorial district has 9 local government areas. The 9 local government areas of Ogun East senatorial district are:
- Remo North
- Ijebu Ode
- Ijebu North-East
- Ijebu North
- Ijebu East
- Ogun Waterside
Ogun West senatorial district has 5 local government areas. The 5 local government areas of Ogun West senatorial district are:
- Imeko Afon
- Yewa North
- Yewa South
The Population Of Ogun State
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population and Housing census put the population of Ogun State at 3,751,140, with 1,864,907 males and 1,886,233 females.