Ondo is a state in Nigeria, with administrative capital in the city of Akure. Ondo State is in the south-west geopolitical zone of Nigeria alongside Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun, Osun and Oyo States. Ondo State is also part of the Niger Delta region, an agglomeration of mostly crude oil-rich southern Nigerian states that also include Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo and Rivers States.
Ondo State is located some 491.6 km southwest of Nigeria’s capital city of Abuja, and is bounded to the north by Ekiti and Kogi States, to the east and south by Edo State, also to the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Ogun and Osun States.
Ogun State has an area of 14,606 km². The state also has 18 local government areas out of the 774 local government areas that constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria alongside the 36 States.
The History Of Ondo State
Ondo State was created on 3rd February 1976 by the regime of General Murtala Ramat Mohammed. The state was created following the split of the defunct Western State.
At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, the area now known as Ondo State was part of the Western Region, which existed as one of the three regions of Nigeria till 1963.
In 1963, a region which became known as the Mid-Western Region was carved out of the Western Region which the area now known as Ondo State was part of. The development brought to four the number of regions that constituted the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The area now known as Ondo State however remained part of what remained of the Western Region.
The regime of Major General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi Ironsi, which was enthroned in 1966 by a coup dissolved the regional system and replaced it with a provincial system. The four regions became four provinces. The area now known as Ondo State was in the Western Province.
In 1967, a counter coup led to the enthronement of the regime of General Yakubu Gowon. The new regime quickly dissolved the provincial system instituted by the previous regime and replaced it with a twelve state structure. The area now known as Ondo State was in the Western State, which was one of the twelve states created by General Gowon’s regime.
In 1976, the regime of General Murtala Ramat Mohammed embarked on another state creation exercise. This time, the Western State which the area now known as Ondo State was part of was split into three states, namely; Oyo State, with capital in Ibadan, Ondo State, with capital in Akure, and Ogun State, with capital in Abeokuta.
Ondo State has however not remained the same since its creation in 1976. In 1966, its northern end was split to form Ekiti State by the regime of General Sani Abacha, leaving Ondo State as presently constituted.
Itah David Ikpeme is the first military governor of Ondo State, while Michael Adekunle Ajasin is the first civilian governor.
The Government Of Ondo State
The Ondo State Government, like every other state government in Nigeria is made up of three arms: the executive arm, the legislative arm and the judicial arm. The executive arm of the Ondo State government is headed by an executive governor elected by a majority of the state’s electorates. The governor is assisted by commissioners who he or she appoints to head the various ministries of the state government. The current governor of Ondo State is Rotimi Akeredolu.
The legislative arm of the Ondo State Government which convenes at the Ondo State House of Assembly in Akure is made up of 26 members elected by the electorates of the 26 state constituencies of Ondo State. The Ondo State House of Assembly is headed by a speaker who is the legislative head of the state government. The current speaker of the Ondo State House of Assembly is Bamidele Oloyelogun.
The judicial arm of the Ondo State Government is headed by the Ondo State Chief Judge. The current Chief Judge of Ondo State is Justice Oluwatoyin Akeredolu.
Zones In Ondo State
Ondo state has a total of 18 local government areas grouped into 3 units that are otherwise known as senatorial districts or zones. The 3 senatorial districts of Ondo state are:
- Ondo North
- Ondo Central
- Ondo South
Ondo North senatorial district has 6 local government areas. The 6 local government areas of Ondo North senatorial district are:
- Akoko North-East
- Akoko North-West
- Akoko South-West
- Akoko South-East
Ondo Central senatorial district has 6 local government areas. The 6 local government areas of Ondo Central senatorial district are:
- Akure North
- Akure South
- Ondo East
- Ondo West
Ondo South senatorial district has 6 local government areas. The 6 local government areas of Ondo South senatorial district are:
- Ile Oluji/Okeigbo
The Population Of Ondo State
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population and housing census put the population of Ondo State at 3,460,877, with 1,745,057 males and 1,715,820 females.