Osun State is located at around 538.1 km south-west of Abuja, and is bounded to the north by Kwara State, to the east by Ekiti and Ondo States, to the south by Ogun State, and to the west by Oyo State,
Osun State sits on an area of 9,251 km². Osun State has 30 local government areas. This makes Osun State one of the states with the highest number of Local government areas in Nigeria.
Osun State is predominantly inhabited by the Yoruba.
The History Of Osun State
Osun State was created on 27th August 1991 by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. The state was carved out of old Oyo State.
At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, the area now known as Ondo State was part of the Western Region, which existed as one of the three regions of Nigeria until 1963.
In 1963, the Mid-Western Region was carved out of the Western Region which the area now known as Osun State was part of. The development brought to four the number of regions that constituted the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The area now known as Osun State however remained part of what remained of the Western Region.
The regime of Major General Johnson Thomas Umunnakwe Aguiyi Ironsi, which was enthroned in 1966 by a coup dissolved the regional system and replaced it with a provincial system. The four regions became four provinces. The area now known as Osun State was in the Western Province.
In 1967, a counter coup led to the enthronement of the regime of General Yakubu Gowon. The new regime quickly dissolved the provincial system instituted by the previous regime and replaced it with a twelve state structure. The area now known as Osun State was in the Western State, which was one of the twelve states created by Gowon’s regime.
In 1976, the regime of General Murtala Ramat Mohammed embarked on another state creation exercise. This time, the Western State which the area now known as Osun State was part of was split into three states, namely; Oyo State, with capital in Ibadan, Ondo State, with capital in Akure, and Ogun State, with capital in Abeokuta. The area now known as Osun State was part of the newly-created Oyo State.
In 1991, the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida carved out the eastern end of Oyo State and formed a new state. This new state was Osun State.
Leo Segun Ajiborisha is the first military governor of Osun State, while Isiaka Adetunji Adeleke is the first civilian governor.
The Government Of Osun State
The Osun State Government, like every other state government in Nigeria is made up of three arms: the executive arm, the legislative arm and the judicial arm. The executive arm of the Osun State government is headed by an executive governor elected by a majority of the state’s electorates. The governor is assisted by commissioners who he or she appoints to head the various ministries of the state government. The current governor of Osun State is Rauf Aregbesola.
The legislative arm of the Osun State Government which convenes at the Osun State House of Assembly in Osogbo is made up of 26 members each elected by the electorates of each of the 26 state constituencies of Osun State. The Osun State House of Assembly is headed by a speaker who is the legislative head of the state government. The current speaker of the Osun State House of Assembly is Najeem Salaam.
The judicial arm of the Osun State Government is headed by the Osun State Chief Judge. The current Chief Judge of Osun State is Justice Oyebola Adepele Ojo.
Zones In Osun State
Osun state has a total of 30 local government areas grouped into 3 units that are otherwise known as senatorial districts. The 3 senatorial districts of Osun state are:
- Osun Central
- Osun East
- Osun West
Osun Central senatorial district has 10 local government areas. The 10 local government areas of Osun Central senatorial district are:
Osun East senatorial district has 10 local government areas. The 10 local government areas of Osun East senatorial district are:
- Atakumosa East
- Atakumosa West
- Ife Central
- Ife East
- Ife North
- Ife South
- Ilesa East
- Ilesa West
Osun West senatorial district has 10 local government areas. The 10 local government areas of Osun West senatorial district are:
The Population Of Osun State
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population and housing census put the population of Osun State at 3,416,959, with 1,734,149 males and 1,682,810 females.