Akwa Ibom is a state in Nigeria, with administrative capital in the city of Uyo. Akwa Ibom State falls within the south-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria alongside Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo and Rivers States. Akwa Ibom State is also part of the Niger Delta region, an agglomeration of mostly oil-rich nine coastal southern Nigerian states that also include Abia, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers States.
Akwa Ibom State is located some 688.6 km south of Nigeria’s capital city of Abuja, and is bounded to the north by Abia State, to the east by Cross River State, to the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Rivers State.
Akwa Ibom State sits on an area of 7,081 km². The State has within its borders 31 out of the 774 local government areas that alongside the 36 States form the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The people of Akwa Ibom State are culturally homogeneous with a common identity and are reputed to be the first settlers in the present day South Eastern Nigeria. The three major dialectal groups are Ibibio, Annang and Oron. Other sub groups include Eket, Ibeno, Itu Mbonuso and the Andonis.
The History Of Akwa Ibom State
Akwa Ibom State was created on the 23rd of September 1987 by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. The state was carved out of old Cross River State.
The struggle for the creation of the state was spearheaded by the Ibibio Union, a socio-cultural organisation formed in 1928 that decades later transformed into a political pressure group that promoted and championed the cause of state creation in Nigeria.
At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, the area now known as Akwa Ibom State was part of the Eastern Region, which existed as one of the three regions of Nigeria until 1963, and as one of the four regions of Nigeria from 1963 till 1966
The regime of Major General JTU Aguiyi Ironsi, which came to power via coup in 1966 dissolved the regional system and replaced it with a unitary, provincial system. The four regions became four provinces. The area now known as Akwa Ibom State was in the Eastern Province.
In 1967, a counter coup brought to power the regime of General Yakubu Gowon. The new regime quickly dissolved the provincial system established by the previous regime and replaced it with a twelve state federal structure. Out of the twelve states created by the Gowon regime, three were created out of the Eastern Province. The South-Eastern State, which the area now known as Akwa Ibom State was part of, was one of these three states.
In 1976, the South-Eastern State was renamed Cross River State. This change in name did not satisfy the people of the area now known as Akwa Ibom State who felt they were part of the state only in words.
After the collapse of the 2nd Republic in 1983, a memorandum demanding the creation of Akwa Ibom State was submitted to the General Muhammadu Buhari regime by the Paramount Rulers from the 10 Local Government areas that made up the mainland part of the then Cross River State, but it did not yield the desired result.
Undaunted, the people waited for another opportunity. The opportunity came when, in 1986, the Administration of General Ibrahim Babangida set up a political Bureau to define the future political direction of the country. The memorandum was re-submitted.
On September 23, 1987, the collective dream of the people was actualized as Akwa Ibom State was finally created, after about four decades of sustained agitation by her people.
The Government Of Akwa Ibom State
The Akwa Ibom State Government, like every other state government in Nigeria is made up of three arms: the executive arm, the legislative arm and the judicial arm. The executive arm of the Akwa Ibom State government with seat of administration in the city of Uyo is headed by an elected governor who can appoint commissioners to assist them in discharging their executive duties as head of the various ministries of the state government. The current governor of Akwa Ibom State is Udom Emmanuel.
The legislative arm of the Akwa Ibom State Government, otherwise know as the Akwa Ibom State House of Assembly is made up of 27 members elected by the people of the 27 state constituencies of Akwa Ibom. The Akwa Ibom State House of Assembly is headed by a speaker who is thus the legislative head of the state government. The current speaker of the Akwa Ibom State House of Assembly is Onofiok A. Luke.
The judicial arm of the Akwa Ibom State Government is headed by the Akwa Ibom State Chief Judge. The current Chief Judge of Akwa Ibom State is Justice Godwin Jack Abraham.
Zones In Akwa Ibom State
Akwa Ibom state has a total of 31 local government areas found in 3 zones, otherwise known as senatorial districts. The 3 senatorial districts of Akwa Ibom state are:
- Akwa Ibom North-East
- Akwa Ibom North-West
- Akwa Ibom South
Akwa Ibom North-East senatorial district has 9 local government areas. The 9 local government areas of Akwa Ibom North-East senatorial district are:
- Ibesikpo Asutan
- Ibiono Ibom
- Nsit Atai
- Nsit Ibom
- Nsit Ubium
Akwa Ibom North-West senatorial district has 10 local government areas. The 10 local government areas of Akwa Ibom North-West senatorial district are:
- Essien Udim
- Etim Ekpo
- Ikot Ekpene
- Obot Akara
- Oruk Anam
Akwa Ibom South senatorial district has 12 local government areas. The 12 local government areas of Akwa Ibom South senatorial district are:
- Eastern Obolo
- Esit Eket
- Ikot Abasi
- Mkpat Enin
- Udung Uko
- Urue Offong/Oruko
The Population Of Akwa Ibom State
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population census put the population of Akwa Ibom State at 3,902,051, with 1,983,202 males and 1,918,849 females.
The Culture Of Akwa Ibom State
Akwa Ibom is often described as a uni-cultural State where norms, taboos, customs and traditions are the same. The folkways may vary from one ethnic grouping to another, but the operational cultural norms are basically the same all over the State. The cultural similarities bind the people together especially in such areas as cuisines, dressing, dances, songs, rituals, folklores, beliefs and myths.
Languages Spoken In Akwa Ibom State
Below are a list of the most widely spoken languages in Akwa Ibom State:
The Weather In Akwa Ibom State
Akwa Ibom State has a tropical climate marked by two distinct seasons:
- The dry season (November – March)
- The Wet season April – October)
The wet season is usually interrupted by a short dry period in August which is now widely referred to as August Break. Average temperature of the State ranges from 23 to 31 degrees centigrade.
Schools In Akwa Ibom State
Hospitals In Akwa Ibom State
Below is a list of hospitals operating in Akwa Ibom State:
- New Life Medical Centre, 5, Old Estate Close, Opp. Police Station, Uyo
- Jolad Specialist Hospital, 215, Oron Road, Uyo
- Iha Foundation Medical Center, 3, Ini Akpabio Flat, Ikot Abasi
- University Of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Abak Road, Uyo
- Uwana Family Hospital, Nkemba Street, Uyo
- Lifehope Homeopathic Medical Clinic, Enen Atai, itam Street, Itu
- Peek Diagnostic Centre, 1, Umoren Lane, Off Aka Road, By Kevin Lane, Uyo
- Unsel Medical Centre, 110, Uyo Road, Ikot Obio Odongo, Ibesikpo Asutan
- Dammy Memorial Hospital, 34, Ukana Offot Street, Uyo
- Organic Medical And Trading Company, Abak
- St Luke Hospital, 20, Aka Itiam Road, Abak
- Uwakmfon Specialist Hospital, 27, Nwaniba Road, Uyo
- Domingo Hospital And Pharma Limited, Plot 9, Unit E, Ben Udo Street, Ewet Housing Estate, Uyo
- Lifecare Hospital, 8, Udosen Uko Street, Uyo
- Ideal Medical Centre, 45, Ntiedo Udosen Street, Uyo
- Mfon Abasi Medical Centre, 10/12, Gibbs Street, Uyo
- Faith Mediplex Hospital, 12, Nsit Street, Uyo
- Gateway Hospital, 15, Okon Essien Lane, Uyo
- Ibom Clinic And Hospital, 1, Klinic Street, Uyo
- All Saints Medical Centre, 1/5, Independent Avenue, Abak
- Rst Clinics Limited, 33, Brooks Street, Uyo
- The Leprosy Mission Nigeria, Ekpene Obom Village, Etinam
- Fadamara Medical Centre, Oron
- Zerah International Eye Hospital, 14, Obong Street, Federal Housing Estate, Uyo
- Assurance Medical Center, 39, Akanimoh Street, Eket
- Majesty Hospital And Eye Clinics, 60, Wellington Bassey Way, Uyo
- Redemption Medical Centre, 10, Ukpong Street, Eket
- Bestway Medical Diagnostic Centre, 24, Gibba Street, Uyo
- Nduye Medical Services, 29, Ekpene Ukpa Street, Eket
- Uwak Mfom Hospital, Uyo
- Dyme Hospital And Maternity, 10, Edem Urua Street, Uyo
- Solegg Clinic Limited, 20, Ikot Ebieyem Road, Ikot Ekpene
- Niger Optical Services Company Nigeria Limited, 21, Ikot Ekpene Road, Uyo
- Holifield Specialist Hospital, 53, RCC Road, Eket
- Christ Victory Medical Centre, 3, Lawrence Etim Avenue, Oron
- Veclems International Company, 37, Aba Close, Uyo
- Dobbs Pharmacy Limited, 1, Iboko Street, Uyo
- Alpha Hospital And Maternity, 24B, Old Itu Road, Ikot Ekpene
- Demak Clinics And Maternity, 9, Library Avenue, Ikot Ekpene