Oyi is a local government area in Anambra State, with headquarters in the town of Nteje. Oyi local government area is in Anambra North Senatorial district alongside Onitsha North, Onitsha South, Ogbaru, Anambra East, Anambra West and Ayamelum local government areas. Oyi local government area also forms a federal constituency alongside Ayamelum local government area.
Oyi local government area has an area of 136 km². The local government area is bounded in the east by Dunukofia and Njikoka local government areas, in the south by Idemili North local government area, in the south-west by Onitsha North local government area, and in the west and north by Anambra East local government area.
The History Of Oyi
The origin of Oyi people is the same for all the “OLU” sub group of the Eri-Awka Igbo. The Olus are the distinct river-side Igbo people of the lower Anambra plain (Anambra River Basin), encompassing the entire old Anambra Division of the 1920s to the 80s, parts of today’s Awka North LGA of Anambra State and the excision of the former Uzo-Uwani LGA of now Enugu State. A number of Olu people also speak Igala language. In fact, Igala kingdom is considered to have been founded by an Olu ‘refugee’ prince. Olu trace their origin to Eri (Eru, Nri, Nru). Onitsha and Ogbaru areas by character and dialect, are sometimes considered as Olu (though with specific associations). It is said that the more ancient forms of Igbo Tradition and Cultural practices like music, marriage ceremony and religious worships are those still practiced by the Olu.
Lifestyle: Oyi people, like other Olu people, are usually tall, care-free and socially progressive people (Read the ‘burial of Oramalidike’ and discourse of the Head of the Nze-Na-Ozo with Ozo initiates (Ndi-Nze) in ‘Ozo Title: An Ancestral Club In The Igbo Culture by C.N.C Igboegbuna, published by Snaap Press, Enugu 1984). Olu life used to be nature-centered (agrarian of ‘water’ and land) until the white man upset all that with his “civilisation” (Read Things Fall Apart (1958); No Longer At Ease (1960) and Arrow of God (1964) all by Chinua Achebe, Heinemann African Writers Series. See also Political structures in the novel (Things Fall Apart#cite note-12). Olu or riverine Igbo have very elaborate ceremonies, festivities and roles. They are quite egalitarian in belief and republican in their political pursuits. Oyi practice a Jewish-like Kabbalah (Cabbala) system of self-actualisation which is embedded in the apical Nze-na-Ozo tradition of “Onye chizue; o bulu Mmoo, bulukwa Mmadu”. Translated, this simply says that the Ozo initiation is a threshold vista of self-distinction that transforms the initiates into both man and spirit or “spirit-man”. This ancient Ozo system called Ozo-Atulukpa-Okala was instituted in Umunya as far back as the late 16th Century by a war chieftain named Igboegbunammadu Onenulu (Ozo-Odezulu-Igbo l). He equally bequeathed the title to his friends within the Olu sub-clans, from Ogbunike to Awkuzu and it is severally called and known as ‘Ozo-Ndi-Ichie,’ ‘Nnekwu Ozo,’ etc.
Council history: Oyi is a Local Government Area of Anambra State, southeastern Nigeria. The towns that make up the local government are Nkwelle-Ezunaka, Awkuzu, Ogbunike, Umunya and Nteje. Oyi is in the epicenter of the present Anambra State and was first created by the Civilian Administration of Chief Jim Ifeanyichukwu Nwobodo in the 1980s with Umunya as its Headquarters. It took its name from the pacific and famous Oyi River that flows northwards into Omambala (Anambra River).
When the military sacked the civilian administration of Alhaji Shehu Shagari under which Chief Nwobodo was governor in 1983, Oyi and its constituent towns were drawn back into the old Anambra Local Government Area with Otuocha as headquarters. Later, under the administration of Col Nnameka Akonobi as Governor under Gen Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida, Enugu became a State and the former Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area towns of Omor, Omasi, Umueje, Umelum, Igbakwu, Umumbo, Anaku and Ifite Ogwari were merged with their more “Olu” brothers in Oyi. Nteje became the headquarters and has remained so even after the excision of the towns into now Ayamelum Local Government Area.
The Government Of Oyi
The Oyi local government council is in charge of public administration in Oyi local government area. The council is headed by a chairman who is the executive head of the local government.
The Oyi legislative council is made up of 15 Councillors representing the 15 wards of the local government area.
Wards In Oyi
The 15 wards in Oyi local government area:
- Awkuzu i
Nkwelle Ezunaka i
Nkwelle Ezunaka ii
The Culture Of Oyi
The Population Of Oyi
The widely disputed result of the 2006 national population census put the population of Oyi local government area at 168,201, with 85,694 males and 82,507 females.
Languages Spoken In Oyi
The Igbo language is the primary language of communication in Oyi local government area.
The Weather In Oyi
Schools In Oyi
Primary Schools In Oyi
There are so many public and private primary schools in Oyi local government area. These primary schools include:
- Achalla Agu Primary School, Nteje
- Achalla Uno Primary School, Nteje
- Aguocha Primary School, Umunya
- Akanano Primary School, Umunya
- Bright Primary School,Awkuzu
- Central School,Awkuzu
- Central School,Nteje
- Chira Memorial Primary School, Awkuzu
- Community Central School, Nteje
- Community Development Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Community Primary School, Ogbunike
- Community Primary School,Awkuzu
- Development Primary School, Awkuzu
- Ekeolisa Primary School, Ogbunike
- Ezeani Primary School Awkuzu
- Ezi Primary School Awkuzu
- Ezunaka Primary School,Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Hill Top Primary School, Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Ifite Primary School 11 Nteje
- Ifite Primary School, Nteje
- Iguedo Central School Awkuzu
- Ikenga Primary School, Nteje
- Migrant Primary School, Umunya
- National Primary School, Nteje
- Nkwo Central School, Ogbunike
- Obinetiti Primary School, Awkuzu
- Odumodu Primary School, Umunya
- Ogbamgba Primary School, Ogbunike
- Ogbundo Primary School, Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Okolomesike Central School, Ogbunike
- Owelleukwu Central School, Ogbunike
- Oyolu-Oze Primary School,Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Oze Primary School, Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Practising School, Ogbunike
- Progress Primary School, Awkuzu
- Progress Primary School, Umunya
- St. Raphals Primary School,Awkuzu
- State Primary School, Nteje
- Success Primary School, Awkuzu
- Udo Primary School, Ogbunike
- Udoka Primary School, Awkuzu
- Ugwunedagbe Primary School, Nteje
- Umunebo Primary School, Nteje
- Umunwa Mfs Nteje
- Umunya Central School, Umunya
Secondary Schools In Oyi
Below are secondary schools in Oyi local government area:
- Community Secondary School, Awkuzu
- Unity Sec. Sch. Awkuzu
- Women Education Centre, Awkuzu
- Model Comprehensive Secondary School, Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Community High School, Nkwelle Ezunaka
- Boys’ High School, Nteje
- New Era Secondary School, Nteje
- Cave City Secondary School, Ogbunike
- St. Monica’s College Ogbunike
- Progress Secondary School, Umunya
- Community Secondary School, Umunya